In his research done with the aim of tracing the founding race of the ancient Egyptian civilization, author W.M. Flinders Petrie, Professor of Egyptology at University College at London, arrived at certain conclusions that he summarized in his book ‘A History of Egypt’ which was published in 1894. He noted, “The difference of burial customs in the earliest interments points to a diversity of beliefs showing more than one race (in Egypt). We have then probably an indigenous race and an invading race……Whence then came the invading race – the high caste race – who founded the dynastic history……”. According to Flinders Petrie the invading race that came into Egypt brought in along with it the knowledge of a civilization that was superior to the indigenous race of Egypt.

Petrie states on page 12 of the same book that the name of this high caste race invading race was the Pun. “The people of Pun, so admirably sculpted on the temple of Hat’shepsut, are very closely like the high Egyptians. Further the Egyptians called Pun the land of the gods. ….It appears the Pun or the Punt, was a district at the south end of the Red Sea, which probably embraced both the African and Arabian shores….”. 

Many scholars have remarked that the word Pun is a truncated form of the word Pundit, a term generally used for the learned Hindu. In any case, on the Arabian shores the largest and the most ancient civilization was the one located in greater India – its influence extending much beyond its geographical borders, from present day Iran to the eastern end of India, and beyond. Ancient Egyptians tended to believe that the land of Pun was somewhere in Ethiopia. But as many scholars mentioned in this post have argued the Ethiopian civilization too seems to have had its roots in the Indian civilization.

Count Bjornstjerna, a much esteemed Swedish author, who at one time was the Chief of Staff and then later the Envoy Extraordinary and the Minister Plenipotentiary states on page 27 of his book ‘The British Empire in the East’, published at Stockholm in 1838,” The oldest seat of civilization seems to have been in the northern parts of Hindoostan…. from India, civilization together with the religion of the Hindoos, seems to have come to Ethiopia and Meroe, the seat of the Gymnosophists, and thence to have gone down to the Nile to Egypt, from which it was in the sequel communicated to Greece, and after the lapse of many ages, spread in its beneficent progress to the rest of Europe.”

In his book ‘Hindu Superiority’, Har Bilas Sarda states, “Egypt was originally a colony of the Hindus. It appears that about 7000-8000 years ago, a body of colonists from India settled in Egypt where they established one of the mightiest empires of the old world.” There were many other scholars who had reached the same conclusion.

Col. Henry Steel Olcott (1832-1907), President-Founder of the Theosophical Society belonging to an old English Puritan family who had settled in the United States, and who had studied at the University of America at New York, had travelled to India and established the Theosophical Society of India, stated on page 123 in the publication The Theosophists, dated March 1881, “We have a right to more than suspect that India, 8000 years ago, sent a colony of emigrants who carried their arts and high civilization into what is now known as Egypt.”

Here Col. Olcott quotes another author. Olcott says, “This is what Brugsch-Bey, the most modern as well as the most trusted Egyptologist and antiquarian says on the origin of old Egyptians. Regarding these as a branch of the Caucasian family having a close affinity with the Indo-Germanic races, he insisted they ‘migrated from India long before historic memory, and crossed that bridge of nations, the Isthmus of Suez to find a new fatherland on the banks of the Nile’. ”

Col. Olcott adds further, “The Egyptians came according to their own records, from a mysterious land, now shown to lie on the shore of the Indian Ocean, the sacred Punt, the original home of their God, who followed thence after their people who had abandoned them to the Valley of the Nile, led by Amon, Hor and Hathor. This region was the ‘Egyptian’ land of the Gods,’Pu-Nater, in old Egyptian, or HolyLand, and now proved beyond any doubt to have been quite a different place from the Holyland of the Sinai. By the pictorial hieroglyphic inscriptions found on the walls of the temple of the Queen Haslitop at Der-el-Bahri, we see that this Punt and its fauna and flora specially the nomenclature of various precious woods to be found but in India, leave us scarcely room for the smallest doubt that the old civilization of Egypt is the direct outcome of that of older India.” In fact the name Pun as mentioned above seems to be a truncated form of the Sanskrit word ‘punya’ (पुण्य) meaning ‘holy’, which is the meaning that the Egyptians too gave to the word Pun.

Though Egypt is designated sometimes as the black land which is read in the Egyptian language as ‘Kamit’ or ‘Kamet’, the fact remains that the Egyptian terrain does not contain black soil. Most of the country is a desert and its soil has a yellowish tinge, even the part bordering the Nile river. It is the neighboring region of the Arabian desert which bore the name Tesherit which may have distorted down to ‘Kamet’. Tesherit may have been an appellation given to the desert by the traders and travelers who frequented on this routes since pre-historic times. Ksherit (क्षरित) is Sanskrit for ‘desert’.

A number of names for Egypt are recorded in its ancient annals. Says Brugusch-Bey in his book ‘Egypt under the Pharaohs’, “Amongst the oldest is unquestionably Tamera, which seems to have meant ‘the country of the inundation’.” However, once again Ta-Mera which is often written as Ta-Meru is in all likelihood a reference to Meru, the holy mountain of the Hindu scriptures. The fact that the capital of the Ethiopian Cushite civilization from which civilization coursed into Egypt was named Meru only reinforces the link between the Indian, Ethiopian and Egyptian civilizations.

Brugusch-Bey further states, “The Hebrews gave the land the name Mizraim, the Assyrians Muzir, the Persians , Mudraya. At the basis of all theses designations their lies an original form which consisted of the three letters M-Z-R…….. Ancient Egypt, commonly called ‘the double land’, consisted of two great divisions the land of the South, and the land of the North….’. Perhaps no other language ties the above facts in one name. Misr (मिस्र), a cognate of Mishr (मिश्र) meaning ‘combination’ or ‘mix” was the ancient Sanskrit name for Egypt and may well be the source of Egypt’s Hebrew name.

The land of Egypt resembles a narrow girdle divided in the midst by a stream of water, hemmed on both sides by chains of mountains. The river itself was designated as Neilos or Nilus, it is said by the Greeks and the Romans. Athough the word is retained in the Arabic language as Nil with the meaning of ‘inundation’ it is the Sanskrit ‘Neel’ (नील) meaning ‘blue’ that best explains the name of the river.

“The Egyptians were as enquiring as ourselves about pre-historic times, but with this difference, that for their primeval history was concerned but little with the people and much more with the fame of their kings. Their enquiries were directed to the names of the genealogies of the princes, who ruled the land before the first authentic king, Mena. As they could not discover from their monuments any records of their land before the Pharaoh Mena mounted the throne their imagination supposed three ages which followed one another, till Mena placed the double-crown over his head. During the first a dynasty of the gods reigned in the land, followed by the age of the demi-gods, while the dynasty of the of the mysterious Manes closed the pre-historic times.” The three-ages of the Egyptian dynasty seems to have its roots in the tradition of India where a reference to the reign of the gods, then of the demigods – the devas and asuras and finally the rulers established by the devas is made in all the scriptures.

According to the Memphis Doctrine, the first name in the list of the dynasty of gods was Ptah, ‘the Father of the Gods and the Architecture of the World. The name ‘Patha’ or ‘Pitah’ is purely Sanskrit and is a corruption of ‘Pitr’ (पितृ) means ‘father’, though in the Egyptian annals the name is said to signify ‘architect’.

In Upper Egypt, west of the river Nile, stood a little town by the Tini, a name which the Greeks converted to This or Thinis. The high fame of this town rested on the received tradition that it had been the cradle of the first Egyptian king. The name of the 1st sovereign of ancient Egypt was Mena, he is said to be the first lawyer of Egypt. This tradition has most definitely trickled into the Egyptian lore from the first man Manu, of the Hindu tradition, who was also the law-giver to the Hindu society.

To the first sovereign Mena of Egypt is also ascribed the foundation of Memphis, the splendid capital of the Old Empire, after he had first diverted the waters of the Nile about 6000 years ago. Memphis, in antiquity bore the title Men-Nefer which the Greeks altered to Memphis.

Men-Nefer, meaning ‘the good place’ had other sacred names such as Ha-kha-Ptah or ‘house of worship of Ptah’ or ‘Pitah’ which is purely Sanskritic. Egypt’s other names include Sekar, or Sekari, which again has Sanskritic meaning of ‘shikhar’ (शिखर) or ‘the high one’. 


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