At the point where the Fojnica River flows into Bosnia in a the Visoko valley, a complex of five gigantic pyramids in a valley (since named ‘Valley of the Pyramids’) have been discovered by amateur archaeologist Muris Osmanagic. Adjacent to this Valley of Five Pyramids is a hill by the name Toprakalia. Toprakalia is hypothesized to be the site of a yet undiscovered tumulus – a mound constructed over a burial site – perhaps for one of the ancient builders of the pyramids. The five pyramids as well as the Toprakalia are still being excavated, and though there is a doubt whether the pyramids are natural formations or man-made, the site is extraordinary nevertheless. Three of the five pyramids are known to be aligned to the cardinal points and that alone is taken as evidence by some that the pyramids may not be natural formations. Toprakalia hill is no less significant either for reasons sited later.

Pyramid of the Sun is aligned to the cardinal points.

Of the name Toprakalia Muris Osmanagic says that it is a “strange, non-Slavic name”. Its meaning is unknown. Some have conjectured that the name may have Turkish origins – ‘toprak’ is Turkish for ‘ground’. Others say that Toprakalia was the name of a Turkish soldier from the times of the Ottoman rule in Bosnia. But if the name has more ancient origins one may look at decoding it with the help of Sanskrit.

In Sanskrit, the root word ‘tap’ (तप्) means austerity, penance and is often used in reference to penance performed by sages and their sacred sites. In the ancient times, and this is true even today, sages and rishis retire to the hills and mountains for ‘tap’ (meditation). The sacred sites are known as ‘tapovan(s)’ or ‘tapod(s)’.

Cognates of the Sanskrit ‘tap’ appear in names of many ancient holy hills and mountain names in South America especially in Mexico. Some of these are Tepatit·n, Tuxtepec, Tepec, Tepic, Mazatepec, Tepetatas, Tepantita, Tepetzintla, Tepuste, Tepetlix and Tepetlalco. (These names are from the research done by Gene Matlock).

Distortions of ‘tap’ appear in the names of Goebekli Tepe in Turkey. The Turkish word ‘tepe’ is commonly translated as ‘hill’. But the word ‘tepe’ also appears in the name of another ancient site called Gonur Tepe in Turkmenistan which is not a hill or a mound. In both these cases ‘Tepe’ refers to a sacred scientific site where it can be safely assumed much contemplation must have taken place in ancient times. And this is exactly what the Sanskrit ‘tap’ means.

Scholars such as Gene Matlock have linked the word ‘tepe’ to the Sanskrit ‘stupa’ (स्तूप) which means a ‘heap’ or a ‘pile’ or a ‘mound’. Interestingly, in the Bosnian language the word for ‘mound’ is ‘tup’.

The second Sanskrit word that appears in many ancient- site names, especially those which are thought to have been observatories is ‘kala’ (काल) which means ‘time’ or ‘death’ or ‘black’. Examples include the Kalasasaya megalithic site in Bolivia and Callanish in Scotland. It is the same word that has made its way into the English word ‘calendar’.

With this as the background, one may interpret the name Toprakalia as a site where studies and research was done to study ‘kala’ or ‘time’. The Pyramids of Bosnia may have been observatories constructed at strategic sites the significance of which is unknown at this time.

Osmanagic Muris has described Toprakalia as a “place of a powerful magnetic pole” where compasses do not respond. Rather than a tomb for the dead Toprakalia may well be a place for ascension. The names Visoko and Vratnica, the site of the pyramids and other temple structures, translate as ‘free from sorrow’ and ‘worship’ from Sanskrit.

A replica of a pyramid from the Neolithic age dated to 6000-3000 has recently been excavated from Donje Mostre region of the Valley of the Pyramids. Richard Merrick, an acoustical engineer and alternative researcher is of the opinion that several votive pyramids excavated in Greece and Bulgaria are taken as evidence of Vedic Cosmology having being brought into Old Europe and the theological motivation for the construction of the pyramids in Bosnia. Click here more on this subject.

A votive-pyramid artefact dated to 6000-3000BC discovered
at the Donje Mostre site at the Valley of the Pyramids, Bosnia
Picture Courtesy: 

Suggested Links: 

1.Another Evidence of Bosnian Pyramids
2. Vratnice – The Court and Cult of the Dead Rulers
3 Tombs, megaliths and mysterious symbols
4. Neolithic pyramid shaped artifact


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