The area now known as Lebanon first appeared in recorded history around 4000 BC. It was inhabited by the Canaanites whom the Greeks called ‘Phoenicians’. The most ancient name of Lebanon is recorded in ancient Egyptian annals as ‘Rmnn‘. Also the English name Canaan appears as ‘ki-na-ah-na‘ in the Amarna letters dated to 14th century BC.

Interestingly, both the names ‘Rmnn’ and ‘Ki-na-ah-na’ correspond to names of Vedic gods – Sri Rama and Sri Krishna  or Kanha which was Sri Krishn’a other name. In fact the kingdom of Canaan which mainly includes present day Israel has many ancient cities & sites that have names which are cognates of the names Rama and Krishna. The territory of ancient Canaan included present day Lebanon, Israel, Palestinian Territories, the western part of Jordan and southwestern Syria.

One of the largest rivers in Israel, is the Kishon (also called Kishen). It drains into the Jezreel (also called Yizreel) valley.
 The name of Sri Krishna’s mother was ‘Yashodha’ (यशोधा) also called ‘Jashoda’ (जशोधा), close cognates of the names Yizreel and Jezreel. The Kishon flows in the region known as Phoenicia. In the same province are located the towns of ‘Ramah‘ and ‘Kanah‘.

But back to Lebanon and the clues that its ancient sites provide. Baalbek was known as Heliopolis or the city of the Sun during the period of Roman rule and is the site of what is today known as Temple of Jupiter. The Romans built upon the more ancient ‘Temple of Baal (Baal was a Cannanite god). The Temple of Baal is a monumental temple – its base is a massive platform made of stones. The trilithon (a trilithon is a structure consisting of two large vertical stones (posts) supporting a third stone set horizontally across the top (lintel) – terms commonly used in the context of megalithic monuments) standing on the platform is made of three of the four largest stones ever hewn anywhere in the world – a feat that the Romans could not have accomplished. And therein lies the clue. 

The stones of the temple of Baalbek, Lebanon.

In his book ‘Ithihasa: The Mystery of His Story is My Story of History author Bhaktivejanyana Swami states that the Temple of Baal and the god Baal is really the elder brother of Sri Krishna – that is Sri Balarama who went on a pilgrimage to different nations during the time of the Mahabharata war which by all accounts in the original texts was a time of superior technology.

The entrance to the Temple of Balbek.
This entrance is remarkably close to the Hindu Temple gates

An earlier picture of the entrance to Balbek Temple

Svastika and simha carvings at the Balbek Temple

A six-pointed star and a four-pointed star at Balbek, Lebanon.

The Shatkona , a Hindu symbol, represents the union of
 the male and feminine form. It represents
Purusha (the supreme being) or Shiva,
and Prakriti (causal matter) or Shakti.

In an article published on the Graham Hancock website author Bibhu Dev Mishra states, “The statements of the Greek writers, as well as a large number of the symbolic correlations, indicate that Hercules was Balarama, the elder brother of Krishna. As per the ancient sources, Hercules-Balarama, on his arrival in Egypt, had stopped a flood on the Nile, deposed of a tyrant king called Busiris, and established his own son Ramesses (also known as Aegyptus) on the throne of EgyptAt a subsequent period, the Phoenicians, who had emerged as a significant maritime culture in the Mediterranean around 1500 BC, worshipped a god called Melqart who was regarded as a powerful king, as the protector of the Phoenician colonies, and as a god of harvest. Melqart was also known as Belus, Baal Melqart, and the Tyrian Heracles which indicates that all of these epithets described the same person.”  Quoted from For more on this click here.

 Figurine of the God Baal. The right arm is risen
upwards as if brandishing a weapon which
is lost. So is the left hand.

Godfrey Higgins wrote in his book ‘Anacalypsis an Attempt to Draw Aside the Veil of the Saitic Isis’ (Vol. I), “When all other circumstances are considered, it will not have surprised the reader to find the Hebrew God Baal the Bullheaded, among the Hindoo Gods. He is called Bala-Rama. He is the elder brother of Cristna (Krishna)..“. Higgins further adds that Max Mueller was of the view that Baal is a modification of Sri Rama….” Volume 1

Hence, it may not be a surprise that Lebanon in ancient times was named after Balarama which with time distorted to ‘Rmnn‘. 

Stone sculpture, Lord Bala-Rama, Odisha, India.
He holds a club in his right hand
and a plough in his left.
Another sculpture of God Balarama.

Suggested Reading:

1. Anacalypsis: Godfrey Higgins


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