Edward Pococke, the author of ‘India in Greece‘ (published in 1852) traced the names of the pre-Greek civilization that inhabited what later became known as ‘Greece’, it’s language and it’s culture, to India, and to the tribes of India that emigrated west. The culture and language of pre-Greek Greece, then known as Pesasagus, was a distorted form of Sanskrit, the language carried west by the emigrating tribes, which Poccocke writes was around the time of the rise of Buddhism in India. He also says that the map of Greece is a map which reflects the names of ancient cities of Greater India.

Edward Pococke had also written a book called ‘India in Italy‘ which was suppressed by the Vatican. Its copies today exist only in the Library of Vatican. What might Pococke have revealed about Italy and its ancient history in this book. It really is not that difficult to figure out since Pococke leaves us enough clues in ‘India in Greece’ – such as that tribes from India, especially the Yadhus and Meghadans, emigrated West and in their path left a trail of names of mountains, rivers and towns, that have their origins in the names of mountains, rivers and towns in India. The universal decoder of all these names is Sanskrit.

This is an attempt to decode the names of ancient towns, rivers and mountains of Italy. It lies in close proximity to Greece. In this post we begin with Sardinia and travel to other ancient names in Italy in following posts.

Sardinia is large island west of Italy and derives its name from Greek Sardo. Western sources say that – ‘Sardo‘ was perhaps named for the local Iberian people who settled there; the original form and meaning of the name is lost.

A Punic (Phoenician) stele from 7th century B.C. sheds some light. It refers to ‘Sardinia’ as ‘ Shardan‘ and to a people called Sherden (also known as Serden or Shardana).

Stele of Nora, 9th century BC
refers to the Shardans

The Sherdens, like the Phoenicians were adept sailors known for their fierceness on the sea and in battle. An inscription by Rameses II on a stele from Tanis which recorded the Sherden pirates’ raid, speaks of the constant threat which they posed to Egypt’s Mediterranean coasts:

The unruly Sherden whom no one had ever known how to combat, they came boldly sailing in their warships from the midst of the sea, none being able to withstand them.’

The Words ‘Sharada’ and ‘Shard’ are both Sanskrit words. ‘Sharada‘ means ‘educated or learned’ and is another name of Goddess Saraswati – the goddess of wisdom. However the word that defines the Sherdens is ‘shardh’ (शर्ध) which means ‘bold’ and ‘defiant’.

The ‘Phonecians’ were the same people that the Old Testement called Canan-ites. Edward Pococke traced the origins of the Canan-ites to the people of Kanha. Kanha (कान्हा) is another name for Sri Krishna who belonged to the  ‘Yadhu’ tribe of India. And there is a host of evidence for this fact.

Sardinia was called Sandalion, meaning ‘Sandalwood’ by the ancient Greeks and the Romans. It is accepted by world etymological dictionaries that Sandalion in Greek originates from the Sanskrit ‘chandan’ (चन्दन). The Phonecians were known to carry gold, ivory and sandalwood from India to many parts of the world, especially to the Mediterranean countries. It is hence possible that both Sardinia and the Shardans got their name from the Sanskrit ‘chadana‘.

Suggested Links:

1.The Phoenicians had their home in India: Rig Veda

2. The Phoenicians: What History does not want you to know.


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