On one of his flights over the jungles of Mosquitia in Honduras in the 1920s, Charles Lindberg, the first solo aviator to have crossed the Atlantic, caught a glimpse of what he thought was the ‘Lost City of the Monkey God‘ where, legend says that local indigenous people worshipped huge ‘Monkey Sculptures’. 

Working on this lead given by Charles Lindberg, Theodore Morde – an American adventurer, combed the jungles of Mosquitia in Honduras in search of the ‘Lost City of the Monkey God’. Later in 1940 Theodore Morde claimed that he had finally found the lost city. Morde was to return to the site with his team to announce the exact location of the site but he was killed in a car accident. The legend of the Monkey God city has been known to the world since at least the times of the Spanish invaders in the 1500s. The Spanish named the site ‘Ciudad Blanca’ or ‘White City’ and they believed that it was the location of treasures of gold hidden since ancient times.

An artists’s representation of the legend of
‘Monkey God Worship’
at Ciudad Blanca in Mosquitia, Hondurus

Recently researchers from the University of Houston and the National Center for Airborne Laser Mapping flew over the Mosquitia region and revealed that there indeed is evidence of a plaza dotted with ancient pyramids now reclaimed by the jungle on the east end of Honduras. The archaeological site is located somewhere close to the Sikre and Twas rivers but its exact location is held in secret by the Honduras Army.

In the La Mosquitia area submerged in the waters of the Sikre and Twas river are inscribed stones from an ancient times. Perhaps the vanaras frequented these stones in Ramayanic times

On the western end of Honduras is the city of Copan – the site of the ancient Howler Monkey God statue. 

Ancient ‘Monkey God’ Sculpture, Copan, Hondurus.
Because of his stance and the mace
in his hand, he has been equated with
Sri Hanuman of Ramayana

Local legends of Hondurus does not add much more information to the partly forgotten story about monkey worship in Ciudad Blanca in Mosquitia or about the Howler Monkey God statue of Copan.

But the Hindu epic Ramayana, truly an epic in a bigger way than has ever been acknowledged, sheds some light. In the Kishkinda Kanda of the Ramayana, we find that Sugreeva is crowned as the commander-in-chief of the ‘vanaras’ (monkey commandos).

Not too long after his crowning, the Ramayana states, Sugreeva instructs the vanaras, stationed around the world, to assemble and organize themselves to carry out the job at hand, which is the search of Sita, the abducted wife of the God-King Sri Rama. For those who are driven by logic (and not swayed by the medieval interpretation of Ramayana) the facts stare us in the face.

To cross check the the facts refer to Kishkinda Kanda or Book- 4 of the Valmiki Ramayana. Chapter 37, verses 1-9, which describe the recruitment of ‘vanaras’  from within Jambhudvipa (India) and from around the world:

1. “Convoke the Vanaras available on the summits of these five mountains, namely Mt. Mahendra, Mt. Himalaya, Mt. Vindhya, and Mt. Kailash and those that are on the whitish peak of Mt. Mandara.“. (Verse 4-37-2). This refers to recruitment of the vanaras from the Indian region.

2. “As well as those that are on the mountains where the ocean ends, there by seashore, ‘Udaya Adri’, namely ‘Sunrise-Mountain,’ which mountains will always be dazzling with the tinge of youthful sun. And them that are on the mountains which shine in the ochry hue of evening clouds, ‘Asta Adri, namely ‘Sunset-Mountain’ and which mountains are situated at the Palace of Sun“. (Verse 4-37-3). This refers to the recruitment of the vanaras, not from Jambudweepa, but from other parts of the world, more specifically  from the Andes, or some other range of South America.

That the Udaya Adri is indeed one of the peaks of the Andes is clear because the Ramayana also mentions the ‘Paracas Trident of the Andes’. Click here to read more about the Ramayana link to the ‘Paracas Trident of Peru’.

Paracs Trident of Peru is mentioned in
Kishkinda Kanda of the Ramayana, Chapter 40 Verse 53

Here is the verse from the Ramayana that mentions the Paracs Trident of Peru:  “A golden pylon resembling a palm tree with three branches as its heads is established on the peak of that mountain as the insignia of that great-souled Ananta, and it will be lustrous with a golden podium. [4-40-53].”

Tracing the path of the sun after it has risen from Udaya Adri (Andes), the author Sage Valmiki says, that the sun becomes visible in Jambhudvipa (India), only to then go across where the Indus falls into the sea at Karachi, beyond the mountain ranges (Zagros of Iran/Iraq) where it sets at ‘Asta Adri’ (Sunset Mountain). It then passes over Mt. Meru (North Pole) only to once again rise from Udaya Adri (Andes of South America).

There are many ancient sites in South America who’s history remain unexplained. Many of these seem to have close Vedic – Hindu ties in terms of the similarity of temple architecture, the Sanskrit like names of these sites such as Kori-Kanchan or Tivanaku, or the Havan Kund like ‘fire worship structures’ such as the one at Paraiso that have survived  to tell part of the story. In time science and archaeology may help to piece the rest of the puzzle.

Update: The Lost City or Ciudad Blanca, a legendary archaeological site located in the depths of the jungles of Mosquitia, seems to have been discovered by Honduran and American scientists through a satellite scan. According to reports by experts in archeology of the Honduran Institute of Anthropology and History (IHAH), the existence of Lost City or Ciudad Blanca is real but the authorities have preferred to keep the location anonymous to prevent looting by international traffickers in antiquities. 

The location of the Lost City of the Monkey Gods
has been kept anonymous by the Honduras authorities.


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