OF ‘STARS AND THE UNIVERSE’ – THE SANSKRIT CONNECT

As per English dictionaries the word ‘star’ is derived from Proto Germanic ‘sterron’, originally from Proto Indo European (PIE) ‘ster’. But the PIE ‘ster’ is the same word as the Sanskrit ‘str’ (स्तृ) which of course means ‘star’.


The word ‘str’ (स्तृ) went into ancient Greek as ‘aster’ (singular) and ‘astron’ (plural). In Old Greek, ‘aster’ meant ‘star’ and ‘astron’ meant ‘stars’.


The word ‘Universe’ literally means ‘One Verse’. Universe is derived from Latin ‘unus’ that is ‘one’ and ‘versus’, the past participle of ‘vertere’, which means ‘to turn’. ‘Vertere’ is said to derive from PIE ‘ wer’ which again means ‘to turn’. And here in lies the Sanskrit connection. ‘Wer’ is the same as the Sanskrit ‘vara’ (वार) which means ‘to turn’.

In Sanskrit and in the ancient Sanskrit texts of India, the word ‘var’ has been used in many contexts including ‘the turn of the day’, ‘anything enclosed in space or time’, ‘day of the week’ and ‘moment’.

 
The ‘Uni’ in Universe meaning ‘one’, and originates from Latin ‘unis’, which is derived from Old Persian ‘aivam’; ultimately traced to Sanskrit ‘eva’ (एव) with the same meaning.

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