Dr Raghavendra Rao from the Anthropological Survey of India, says that DNA evidence linking Indian tribes to Australian Aboriginal people points to the fact that humans arrived in Australia via a southern coastal route through India. His team used computer programs to predict that a common ancestor existed, between the Indian population and Aboriginal Australians, up to 50,000 years ago.

The Uru megalithic sites of Australia date back to between 30,000 and 50,000 years, with extensive sites in the central west of NSW. As a comparison one may note that England’s Stonehenge is dated to 3000 BC, megaliths in Asia are dated to 5000-8000 BC, which makes megaliths of Australia amongst the most ancient in the world. The Sun is the most common symbol that is seen in the Megaliths erected by the Uru of Australia. According to researcher Rex Gilroy, “Modern-day observations at the Australian megalithic sites erected by the Uruans, suggests that they were already aware of the Summer and Winter Solstices [22nd December and 22nd June respectively] at a very remote period.”

The Uruans worshipped the Sky-Father and Mother Earth. These are concepts that are linked to many ancient civilizations of the world including that of the Vedic India, though in a more sophisticated form. In India, the ‘World-Mother’ is worshipped as Goddess ‘Jagadambika’ (जगदम्बिका). The ‘Sky-Father’ in Sanskrit is ‘Jagatpati’ (जगत्पति) which is ‘Vishnu’. Jagatpati is also another word for the Sun as per the Vedic tradition. The names of the Uruan sky-father and Earth-Mother are unknown. It is only speculated that the Earth and the Sky were a major focus in the lives of the Uruans for the sheer number of the existence of megaliths, which they constructed or which were constructed by their ancestors.

Not much is known in terms of language and culture of this civilization. But many of the aboriginal names of Australian rivers and streams are a handdown from antiquity though no assumption can be made whether they originated during the Uru era. But many of these names can be decoded with Sanskrit for one sees a Sanskritic pattern in them which also points towards the influence of Indo-European languages which it seems had reached Australia in great antiquity. With this as the background one can apply Sanskrit to decipher some of these names.

One may begin with name of the civilization itself. The word ‘Uru’ can be explained by the Sanskrit ‘uru’ (उरु) which means ‘Earth’. This may be taken as a reference to the ‘Earth-Mother’ of the Uruan culture. However, in the megalithic sites of Australia, it is the Sun that takes prominence and is the most common and recurring symbol. In Sanskrit ‘Aru’ (अरु) is the word for sun and perhaps it is the Sanskrit Aru which survived in some ancient language spoken in this region and distorted to Uru with time to give the civilization its name.

The word Australia can also be decoded if we apply Sanskrit – solely because of the Indo-European roots of the word Australia. This in no way is a claim that the name Australia derives thus, there is no way in which that can be verified. It is in view of the lack of a known etymology that this theory which looks at Uru through a Sanskritc lens, is put forth. ‘Arus’ (अरुस्) is one of the words for ‘sun’, ‘taral’ (तरल) means ‘liquid’, which may refer to the coastal route which the ancient Indians might have taken to arrive into Australia and the fact that the entire continent is surrounded by water – a logic similar to why Australia and New Zealand together are referred to as Oceania. ‘Alaya’ (आलय) means ‘home’ or a ‘retreat’.

This is not the only example of an Indian connection with place names of Australia. There are many examples such as Dhandara Creek, located at the ‘Coombadjha’ sacred site, west of Grafton in northern New South Wales. In Sanskrit ‘Dhana’ (धन) means ‘bounty’, ‘dhara’ (धारा) means ‘flowing water’. ‘Coombadjha’ is a distortion of ‘Kambhoja’ (कम्बोज). Sage ‘Kambhoja’ was the brother of sage ‘Agastya’ and a friend of Sage Vasistha and all their names appear in the Indian text ‘Ramayana’. The name ‘Cambodia’ also derives from the Sanskrit ‘Kambhoja’.

Other ancient sites such as Puritjarra, Puntujarpa and Papunya are interesting for what they have revealed. Researchers had proposed that artifacts such as stone-tools (microliths) found in this area resembled closely to the ones which were in use in ancient India. The same was proposed by researcher Klim Gollan about the ‘dingo’ dog in 1984. In his research, Gollan had concluded that the fossil records of the ‘dingo’, (Australian wild dog) was also introduced into Australia from India.*** Now the report from ‘Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America’ has concluded the same, that the dingo arrived into Australia from India about 4000 years ago.

The ancient aboriginal sites in New South Wales are also interesting for their names. Puritajarra, Kalkutajhara, Puntujarpa and Papunya! If one were to decode these names with the help of Sanskrit, the word ‘jarra’ stands out. The word ‘jarra’ as a part of a place-name indicates the existence of a waterfall, an oasis or a river in the area. In Sanskrit ‘Jhara’ (झर) means ‘water-fall’ or a ‘body of water’ And one sees its occurrence in names of rivers around the world such as the Rivers ‘Nigeria’ (Nigeria), ‘Jhara-ma’ & ‘Jara-bacao’ (Spain); and ‘Niagara’ in the United States.

‘Purit’ (पूरित) means ‘complete’ or ‘spread out’ or ‘filled with’. ‘Jhara’ as mentioned above means ‘water’. ‘Puritjarra’ suggests a place where either a river flows or a place which is a water-haven, and that matches with the geography of the area surrounding ‘Puritjarra’.The word ‘Jarpa’ in Puntujarpa’ is also probably a distortion of ‘Jhara’. ‘Puntu’, if interpreted as ‘pant’ (पान्त) means a ‘drink’. ‘Kultukjarra’ also indicates water. In any case, ‘Kultukjarra’ is the aboriginal name for River Docker.There are many aboriginal place names in New South Wales such as ‘Kampur-apa’, ‘Pa-Punya’, Wintal-lynga’, and Kaltu-aranya which indicate that they might have had their origins in Sanskrit. ‘Kampur’ sound like an Indian village name, ‘Punya’ (पुण्य) means ‘pure’ or ‘holy’, ‘Linga’ (लिङ्ग) has reference to God Shiva and ‘aranya’ (अरण्य) means ‘forest’ and ‘desert’ both. This list goes on and on. There are many other ancient names in Australia that can be decoded with the help of Sanskrit, and as many with the help of Tamil.

When early British settlers, started arriving in Gympie in 1858, they recorded the name of Gympie as ‘Meru’ndai’. This name was in usage with the aboriginal Australian ‘elders’ who were known as the ‘ngtja guru’. ‘Merundai’ was obviously named after Mt. Meru (मेरु) which appears in many Vedic Sanskrit texts, and later in Buddhist texts. The name ‘ngtja guru’ is also derived from Sanskrit. In Sanskrit, ‘nya’ (नय), ‘naya’ (नाय) and ‘nayak’ (नायक) all mean ‘guide’. ‘Guru’ is a well known Sanskrit word. It derives therefore that the elders were known as the ‘guide gurus’ of the community.

In ancient Indian texts such as the Ramayana Australia was referred to as Shalmali Dwipa. The Ramayana clearly states the sea-route from Jambhudvipa (India) starting from its east coast to what is today known as Indonesia. The route mentions the islands of Java & Sumatra and Shalmali Dwipa which is identified as Australia.

The Ramayana also states that located on the further end of Shalmali Dwipa (Australia) as we travel from India, there is a massive structure that Valmiki, the author of Ramayana, writes was constructed by the celestial architect Vishwakarma, its peak as high as that of Mount Kailash! This has been identified with either the Gympie Pyramid or some other similar structure.

And here is something from the Gympie Times, Australia dated 30th October, 1975.

A Granite Hindu God Ganesha
Artefact found in Dogun, Australia

“At Dogun, schoolboy Cliff Brown, 13, found an elephant about 100mm high carved from beige granite. It is thought to be the Hindu God Ganesha.” – The Gympie Times.

A statue found in the Gympie Ruins area
The ‘Padma_Asana’ Posture is the same as
Indian Vedic Goddess


And now a report from BBC News, dated 14th January, 2013 quotes a genetic research study which has concluded that Australia experienced a wave of migration from India about 4,000 years ago. It also says that a Genome-wide data substantiates that the Holocene gene flowed from India to Australia.*

An Australian Bushman with
the U-shaped Vedic Tilak on his forehead

In his book ‘Oriental Fragments’ Edward Moor made the following observation in 1854, “In the vast spread of Australia, for instance, we might expect to find … traces and remains of Sanskrit, and temples and images and various Hinduisms – evincing indeed, the existence there, at no very distant period, of a magnificent Hindu empire…” page 330 

Suggested Links:

1. Ancient Hindu Mariners and Australian Gold
2. Gympie Research
3. Indian Migrants in Australia 4000 years ago
4. Holocene Genome Data substantiates gene flow from India to Australia
5. Ancient MigrationGene’s link Australia with India*


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