The area around Lake Titicaca is the hub of some of the most magnificent megalithic ruins of Bolivia. Lake Titicaca is the highest navigable lake in the world and lies at a height of 12507 ft above sea level.

Its shores are lined with ancient fossils which indicate that Titicaca was once linked with the sea which has since receded. Lake Titicaca is a salt-water lake and the area adjoining it is lined with fossilized sea-shells.

Now a look at its name and what it reveals. A close cognate of Titicaca in Sanskrit is ‘Titicsha’ (तितिक्ष) which means ‘high above’. Could then ‘Titicaca’ be a distorted form of its ancient name ‘Titicsha’?

The water body Titicaca once extended to where the megalithic ancient ruins of Tivanaku are located in the Bolivian Andes mountain range at a height of 13000 feet above sea level.

It is said that Tiwanaku’s modern name is related to the Ayamara term ‘taypiqala’, meaning ‘stone in the center’, alluding to the belief that it lay at the center of the world.

Here is a look at what ‘Tivanaku’ means in Sanskrit. In Sanskrit, Tivar (तीवर) means ‘Ocean’, and, ‘Naku’ (नाकु) means ‘mountain’. One translation of the word ‘Tivanaku from Sanskrit would be ‘ocean mountain’, or the ‘mountain that arises out of the ocean’. Scholar Gene Matlock has interpreted ‘Tivanaku’ as ‘divya-naku’. ‘divya’ (दिव्य) is Sanskrit for ‘heavenly’ or ‘divine’ – ‘Divyanaku’ translates as ‘heavenly mountain’.

Tivanaku may also be a distortion of ‘Divya-Naka’ (not ‘naku’) then the Sanskrit to English translation is ‘heavenly heaven’ – for ‘naka’ (नाक) means heaven – which also aptly describes Tivanaku.

Mt. Ilimani on Lake Titicaca.
Mt. Ilimani is also known as Mt. Illemana in the ancient
Aymara language. It means ‘that which rises from the sun’.
According to ancient Vedic texts Ila-vrata was the highest
and most central part of the nine divisions of the world.
Is it possible that Ili-mani was named after Ila-vrata.
Ila-mani means the ‘Jewel of Ila’ in Sanskrit.

Today archaeologists date Tivanaku to 200 A.D. but this was not always so. Polish engineer and investigator Prof. Arthur Posnansky dated Tivanaku to 15,000 B.C. Posnansky had dedicated 50 years of his life to the study of Titicaca and Tivanaku and made this observation in his research paper published in 1945 . He also identified that the Tivanaku megaliths were the structures of an ancient sea port. However, the mainline archaeologist disagree and say that the Tivanaku megaliths are the remains of a temple complex.

Pre-historic water levels have been identified by the lines made by calcareous deposits on rock cliffs near this sea port or temple complex (called Puma Punku). But strangely these lines are tilted, not level as they once must have been. Posnansky had inferred that a violent geologic activity or some similar force must have uplifted the land sometime in the ancient past thus lifting the megaliths of the sea-port at Tiwanaku to 13000 ft. above the sea level and cutting off Lake Titicaca from the sea to lodge it at a height of 12,500 ft above sea level. 


1. Etymology of Native American words with Sanskrit roots

2. Linguistic origins of native American Languages

3. Posnansky’s dating Technique

4. Parametric Zone

5. NakauVadra – Fiji

6. Mt. TaraNaki, New Zealand


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