Tiahuanaco, like many ‘sacred ruins’ of the world is located on a major grid point. Prominent among the ruins of Tiahuanacu in the Andes in Bolivia is the Pyramid of Akapana, along with the Sungate, the Sunken temple and Kalasasaya temple (which was discussed in an older post).

The Akapana Pyramid is aligned to the cardinal directions, and, it faces the East. Lets now look at ‘Akapana’ – the name of the Pyramid amongst the Tiahuanaco ruins. Close to the Akapana Pyramid is the Kalasasaya Temple which houses the idol of God Viracocha. In local mythology God Viracocha is described as the one who wields a ‘Lightening Rod’ in his hand.

Viracocha as the wielder of
the ‘Arka’. Arka is Sanskrit for ‘thunderbolt’

If one were to link the name ‘Akapana’ with the Mayan or Incan Gods then we may first look at a slightly distorted form of Akapana. In Sanskrit, ‘arka’ (अर्क) means ‘sun’ and Arka (आर्क) means ‘sun beam’, or that ‘which pertains to the sun’. In Sanskrit, ‘pana’ (पाण) means ‘hand’. Arkapana means “The One who holds the Thunderbolt”. That is the exact description of Viracocha.

So it may be argued that Akapana Pyramid, or Arkapana Pyramid – is the Pyramid of God Viracocha.

However, a more scientific explanation may be suggested if we were to credit the ancient races with the view that alternative theory archaeologists uphold – that they were far more intelligent and knowledgeable than we are ready to accept. 

Constructed atop the Akapana pyramid was a huge water tank from which water slowly seeped into a complex system of stone channels from where it flowed into a ditch surrounding the entire structure. This is intriguing. The system still works and what has been found is that the water flowing in the channels is warm even though the base of Akapana is at a height of more than 12000 feet above sea level. Scientists say that the warm water channeled from Akapana made farming possible at this height. What keeps the water warm is a mystery that has not yet been solved. For more on this click here.

The Pyramid of ‘Akapana’ at Tiwanaku.
‘Arka’ also means the ‘sun’ in Sanskrit, and
‘pana’ means ‘canal’. 
Picture courtesy:

‘Pana’ when spelled as (पाण) means ‘hand’ but when spelled as (पान) it has other meanings in Sanskrit as well. ‘Pana’ (पान) means ‘a drink’ or ‘a drinking vessel’, it also means a ‘canal’.

The likeliest name of this pyramid from the Sanskrit point of view is ‘Arkapana’. ‘Arka’ relates to sun and warmth, ‘pana’ to a ‘drinking vessel’ or ‘canal’. It is therefore not out of line to argue that the name ‘Akapana’ may be linked to the complex water system structures in the region which keep the water much warmer than the air temperature. The name ‘Arkapana’ also pays homage to the Sun God and to the wielder of the thunderbolt – Incan God ‘Viracocha’.

It is also possible that the structures at this site were used for different purposes, as a religious site or a water facility, at different points in history. And it is conceivable that variations of the meanings of the name ‘Akapana’ were in use at different times corresponding to its function in a particular era.


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